Assisting with the unplanned

By Chrissy Dill

Staff writer

There are several resources available for students who may be facing an unplanned pregnancy and are considering their options in dealing with it.

If a student is faced with an unplanned pregnancy, SE Counseling Services as well as Student Health Services provide resources. “I’ve talked to students about it,” said Student Health Services director April Lehrling. “We do pregnancy testing here, and by law we’re required to present students with all their options.”

Lehrling continued explaining the opportunities the department provides, saying upon pregnancy, they refer the student to further resources, such as the state health department, the crisis pregnancy center and other community resources.

We may give them information on how to contact a facility that provides abortions or other care, she added.

“Sometimes they come back because of a psychological fallout that’s related to the choice they made that may or may not be abortion,” said Lehrling.

According to Lehrling, Student Health Services provides students with the necessary resources in effort to eliminate the need for an abortion as an option.

“We do lots of sexual health and pregnancy prevention, especially with the freshman population,” she said. “The key is to put things in place to avoid abortion and unplanned pregnancy all together.”

Most sexual health information Lehrling provides are programs in the classroom setting, which is mostly freshman orientation classes. She goes through health communication with students, she said, discussing what questions to ask your partner.

Lehrling also said she goes over with students knowing when they are ready for sexual intercourse and the signs and symptoms of and how to prevent and take care of pregnancy as well as STDs.

Though the issue is not heavily debated among SE students on campus, occasionally the subject arises.

“We’ve had students come to counseling because of abortion,” said Guidance and Counseling Center director Jane McMillan.

“Our responsibility as the Counseling Center is to look at whatever issues they may be facing and help them come to their own decision,” said McMillan.

McMillian stressed the main role of the counseling center is to be available when a student needs someone to talk to about their issues, not to offer advice or be judgmental in any way.

“In my opinion, abortion is truly one of the hardest issues for women because it involves personal values, spiritual beliefs, social influences and loss and grief,” explained McMillan.

“There is not a comparable issue that men face,” she added.

“I see our role as helping them explore their own beliefs and the impact of such a decision in relationship to those beliefs,” stated McMillan.

The Pregnancy Center of Bryan County also provides numerous services and counseling for students who may be seeking abortion or other types of services.

“In 2011, so far, the PCBC has served 118 girls between the ages of 15 and 19 and 170 between the ages of 20 and 24,” said PCBC Office Manager Erin McDaniel.

“Forty girls who are currently in college, that we know of, have visited our center since January,” McDaniel added.

The center offers women faced with pregnancy Biblical-based counseling, listening ears and compassion, said McDaniel. “If an abortion has already taken place, we offer post-abortive counseling as well,” she added.

McDaniel continued, saying the center provides informational brochures that cover abortion procedures, effects and consequences. “Most importantly, we offer support to all young women who walk through our doors,” she said.

“Our most consistent effort on campus is providing information to students, upon request, through the campus nurse,” said PCBC volunteer Bridget Youngblood.

“The health department on campus always has packets, brochures and our contact information on hand for students,” Youngblood said.


Unborn Child Protection Act

By Chrissy Dill

Staff writer

House Bill 1888, the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act which Oklahoma Republican Gov. Mary Fallin signed into law during spring 2011 semester, will go into effect Nov. 1.

According to Oklahoma State Rep. Josh Brecheen, this measure “prohibits abortions after 20 weeks,” adding that“numerous scientific studies have found that this is when fetuses can begin to feel pain.”

According to Brecheen, in 2005, Congressional hearings were held on the issue of unborn children’s pain where doctors, who were experts on the issue, testified that after 20 weeks, an unborn fetus has all the anatomy, physiology, hormones and neurotransmitters needed to perceive pain.

“The bill prohibits abortion on women who are at 20 or more weeks, except in cases in which an abortion is necessary to avert the woman’s death or serious risk of physical impairment, on the grounds that the unborn child or fetus can feel pain at 20 weeks,” Brecheen explained.

There is opposition to the bill in Oklahoma, however. According to, Jordan Goldberg, Center for Reproductive Rights, said the measure was unconstitutional and the bills will be looked at on their own merits and litigation will be considered when needed.

“It’s clear that the people proposing all of these different bills would like to make abortion if not illegal than inaccessible to most women,” Goldberg said.

Abortion is a prominent issue that results in much debate in the state of Oklahoma as well as a national level. According to, from 1990 to 2006, the highest percentage of women getting abortions in the United States were age 20 to 24 years, with the second highest percentage being age 25 to 29 years.

Chair and Assistant Professor of Political Science Bruce Johnson provided information regarding abortion laws in general and their relation to the campus of SE. More and more states are passing laws making it more difficult for a woman to obtain an abortion, he said.

Restrictive state laws, including Oklahoma and Texas, are crossing over into the Roe v. Wade court decision, said Johnson, “and this is a debatable point,” he added. Laws vary from state to state, and different states are taking different approaches to this, he continued.

By “crossing into the Roe v. Wade decision,” Johnson explained, because the state decisions are so restrictive, the opportunity to re-examine the court case has occurred. The decision can’t necessarily be overthrown, he said, but the Supreme Court could choose to return to the status quo before the court case.

According to, the 1973 Supreme Court case of Roe v. Wade invalidated all state laws limiting women’s access to abortions during the first trimester of pregnancy. State laws limiting such access during the second trimester were upheld only when the restrictions were for the purpose of protecting the health of the pregnant woman.

Basically, the Roe v. Wade decision legalized abortion in the United States, which was not legal at all in many states and was limited by law in others.

Students are typically influenced by those around them, said Johnson, and the impact of peer pressure is included. Students may have a fear of sharing their honest opinion on such a heavily debated issue that deals with morality.

“Opinion seems to be fairly split in Oklahoma and Texas for the general public,” stated Johnson. “Whether that’s the case on the campus of Southeastern, that is an interesting question.”

According to Johnson, the issue of abortion and national perspectives on the issue as well as court cases are discussed in his political science and government courses, but not usually studied at a local or state level.

Johnson said he believes students at SE should be more engaged in issues all together. “Abortion is just one of many issues that should receive greater attention and discussion among students; they merit more attention than they receive,” he said. “Students generally should be more engaged in more public policy discussions than they are.”

Through an online, informal survey through the use of Facebook, about 90 SE students were asked if they believe abortion was addressed on campus, whether or not they think the issue should be discussed more often among the student population as well as their own personal opinions on the issue. Twenty-six students chose not to participate in the conversation at all, while nine students voiced their opinions.

Several students voiced opposition to making abortion illegal. “Sometimes the consequences cannot be handled,” said Ethan Wells.

Cassidy Percer said, “I would not have one, but I think the choice should be out there.”

Chikako Martin said, “It definitely should be a legal option.”

Another participant, Dani Norton, stated, “I believe in their right to choose and would not question the moral capacity of those women who decide to opt for abortion.”

However, several students voiced opposition to abortion. “I believe human life begins at conception,” said Brian Ayres.

Jerreck McWilliams said that “regardless of how a human life comes into being, it’s still a human life, and in my book that’s sacred.”

Another student against abortion, Meagan Mullenix, stated, “I understand there are stipulations and circumstances, but simply aborting a child because you don’t want it or the responsibility is morally wrong.”

Many participants believed abortion was not addressed on campus. “It’s not addressed on campus at all,” said Percer.

Martin added, “If it is, in fact, addressed on campus, I don’t think any of us are aware of it.”

Several students suggested that SE provide more information on the subject of abortion and other resources as a result of unplanned pregnancy.

“It might be nice to have the figures of guidance that display brochures on STDs and discovering one’s sexual identity also offer information on adoption, abortion or even healthy habits to start as a new mom,” said Martin.

“More information should be given on adoption,” said Mullenix. “Thousands of families can’t have children, and instead of having an abortion, adoption should be considered.”


Safe trick or treating tips for parents, children

By Dani Norton

Staff writer

The time is fast approaching when millions of children will take to the streets to fill their plastic pumpkins to the brim with candy and delight in numerous Halloween festivities.

It is a spooky night, to be sure, but ghouls and goblins are not the only threat parents should worry about on Monday.

The Center for Disease Control reports that wrongful death of children under the age of 14 is four times higher on Halloween night than any other night of the year.

A common misconception is that this is due to tampering with candy.

Actually, most injuries or deaths occurring on Halloween night result from accidents involving vehicles.

Auto accidents are the No. 1 cause of injury on Halloween, followed closely by fires.

Reckless drivers and trick-or-treaters sporting costumes that do not provide much visibility are typically to blame for accidents related to automobiles, according to the CDC.

When taking children out for Halloween, make sure their costumes are either brightly colored or have them wear reflective tape to ensure drivers can spot them after dark.

Masks that cover the entire face tend to obscure vision, so it is important to be certain the eye holes are large enough to see clearly out of. If possible, opt for face paint instead.

Even though candy is not the most imminent threat on Halloween night, parents should always check to make sure it has not been tampered with.

If the wrapping looks like it has been opened, throw it out. Do not allow children to accept homemade treats from strangers and only let them trick-or-treat from well lit houses in familiar neighborhoods.

Parents should never leave their children without a responsible adult, even if they are trick-or-treating in a familiar neighborhood.

Senior Raeann Azbill never lets her first grader go around her own neighborhood without a parent.

“I see kids every year walking around without an adult, really young kids that should be accompanied no matter what. Even though it’s our neighborhood and it’s supposed to be safe, you never know who could be looking to take advantage of that misconception,” she said.

Despite all of these potential dangers, many cities and towns do their part in facilitating safe trick-or-treating by providing a fun and safe environment for families to celebrate. Schools, malls and local businesses are a good place to begin looking for Halloween fun.

For example, Residence Life here on campus hosts a Halloween extravaganza for the public to attend.

Children can play games, have snacks and trick-or-treat safely throughout the residence halls from 6 9 p.m. on Halloween night.

Families may also visit Downtown Durant for their trick-or-treating event from 5:30 p.m. to 7 p.m.

For more information regarding these events, contact Residence Life at 745-2948 and Durant Main Street at 924-1550.


The safe trick or treat event is fun for all

By Chrissy Dill

Staff writer

Halloween is just around the corner, and the residence halls of Southeastern are in preparation for trick-or-treaters and the Safe Trick or Treat event, held Halloween night from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m., and organized by the Residence Life staff.

Safe Trick of Treat consists of carnival-style booths, such as cakewalk, duck pond, fishing, tattoos, face painting, etc., said Senior RA for Choctaw North Hall Sunni Roberts, all for the youth of Durant and the surrounding area, having distributed flyers and information available at Northwest Heights, Washington Irving and Robert E. Lee Schools.

“We have been very lucky that the Durant School District has been so helpful with letting us advertise in their elementary schools,” said Roberts.

Though all Residence Life staff is required to attend and help at the event, all student organizations on campus are encouraged to lend a hand and organize a booth or game for the kids. “We usually have several Greek life booths, Honors Advisory is participating this year, and several others in the past,” said Roberts.

Each year, a different group of individuals representing Residence Life organizes Safe Trick or Treat. “This year, it is the staff of North Hall: Shelby Shelton, Bailey Armstrong and myself are all the RA’s that are doing all the planning along with our hall director, Mike Davis,” stated Roberts. “We do have a lot of support from other hall staffs and Kally D’Arcy as well.”

In addition to the carnival booths conducted by participating student organizations and Residence Life staff, a haunted house is held each year in one of the residence halls. “This year, our haunted house will be in North Hall on the first floor,” said Roberts.

“In the past, we have had it in Shearer Hall also, but it was very difficult to manage the trick-or-treaters and the haunted house when they were so close together,” she added. “By moving it to another building we are not only eliminating some chaos but also involving other residents.”

Roberts said the annual Residence Life Safe Trick or Treat isn’t the scariest haunted house around, but the children always seem to find it fun and exciting. “Occasionally you have the criers and the ones that really don’t enjoy it, but I think 98 percent of the time the children love it,” she added.

According to Roberts, resident volunteers, this year being North Hall residents, dress up and play various characters in the haunted house as well as student volunteers that lead the children through.

If the child isn’t one for haunted thrills and scary masks, they will most likely enjoy the classic trick-or-treating and candy, according to Roberts.

“The residents are the ones that pass out the candy,” she stated. “We purchase the candy and supply everything; all they have to do is volunteer.”

The trick or treating is only held in Shearer Hall, Roberts said, but residents can still hand out candy from designated spots throughout the building.

Safe Trick or Treat has proved to be a successful event for Southeastern in past years. “Last year, we counted 998 people come through Shearer Hall, so that is what we are expecting again this year,” said Roberts.

“We always look forward to this event and the tradition we’ve created,” stated Roberts.


‘A-haunting we will go’: A ghost tale

By Steven Dixon

Advertising director

For generations, various spots in Oklahoma, the United States and the world have ghostly tales that have been passed down, and the SE campus is no exception.

It seems that our campus holds not only a thousand magnolias, but also a dozen ghost stories in a few of our buildings.

One popular legend is the haunting of Montgomery Auditorium in the Morrison Building, in which there are accounts of two ghosts.

Dell McLain, Department of Art, Communication and Theatre chair, recalls his days of directing theatre productions and his experiences with the ghostly kind.

McLain explained that he was told a young woman died in Montgomery Auditorium in the 1920s or ’30s. “Her spirit then and still today inhabits the building,” he said, adding that when the building underwent major renovation in the late 1950s, a worker fell from the scaffolding to his death.

However, according to McLain, it didn’t seem that the worker slipped but that he was actually frightened.

“You absolutely can get an eerie sense in the room of not being alone when you are,” said McLain, adding that he has heard doors open and close in the balcony and seen lights turn on or off on their own. He also said many theatre students have shared similar experiences.

“I can assure you, in Montgomery Auditorium, things go bump in the night,” he said.

According to other sources, the girl that McLain speaks of apparently met her demise in a pool that was once in the basement of the Morrison Building.

In October 2002, seven students set out on an informal ghost hunt in the Morrison Building from midnight to 6 a.m. as the rest of Southeastern slept, according to Andrew Pagel, a reporter for The Southeastern in 2002.

Pagel, who was one of the ghost hunters, reported that throughout the entire evening, two tape recorders were recording specific locations away from the party.

When the tape was played back, strange noises could be heard, though no physical evidence was found of paranormal activity.

Another ghostly horror is of a young woman who killed herself over her boyfriend. In another variation of this story, a young man who lived in Shearer Hall shot several other students before turning the gun on himself.

Composition and Graphics Specialist/Sports Media Production Specialist Jason Hicks shared the story of his encounter with this spirit.

Hicks said that archives used to be kept in the old Shearer Hall, and one day it was his job to find some old files for the President’s Office.

“And as I’m going up there to the third floor, and I’m walking around, it’s just me up there. I know it’s just me up there,” he said. As Hicks searched the floor for the files, he found a faucet running.

“I didn’t even know the water worked up there,” Hicks said. “So, very gently, I turned the water off and said ‘Hope that doesn’t offend anybody.’ And I got the hell out of there.”

Although Hallie McKinney, another of Southeastern’s older buildings, is not reportedly haunted, McLain brought up an interesting point.

“Hallie McKinney is absolutely alive, with the vibrations of students past. Think of the literally tens of thousands of students that lived in that dorm throughout the years,” said McLain.

“And think about the physical vibrations left from the students, good and bad, happy and sad. I mean, just that spiritual energy has to leave a mark. And I think it does.”


The door that leads to the back of Montgomery Auditorium in the Morrison Building. where "things go bump in the night."

Native American Symposium

By Laura Tomah

Yeardisc editor

Southeastern will host the Ninth Native American Symposium and Film Festival: “Where No One Else Has Gone Before.” The symposium will feature presentations on Native American literature, history, sociology, education, science, art and film.

Scholars, artists and members of Indian Nations from across the United States and beyond will come together during this event to discuss topics related to the Native American experience according to, the symposium website.

The Native American symposium Committee was formed in part because of the large population of Native Americans on the campus and in the surrounding area.  The first symposium took place in 1996 and has occurred every other year in November ever since according to the symposium website.

Throughout the symposium there will be an exhibit on display of selected works from the Charles and Miriam Hogan Native American Art Collection in The Centre Art Gallery that is located in the Visual and Performing Arts Center. The exhibit will be available for viewing Thursday from 9 5 p.m. and on Friday from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.

The film festival became a part of the symposium in 2009, said Spencer. “I’ve rearranged it a little differently this time and Thursday is going to be films because they have a little more student interest in a way. So Thursday morning and afternoon will be films,” said Dr. Mark Spencer, Chair, Department of English, Humanities, and Languages.

“I try to time it along with the class schedule so students can come in and out without being disrupting,” said Spencer.  “Any student that feels interested at all should feel free to come check it out. The more students the better, we are always happy to have students.”

The keynote speaker this year is Dr. Henrietta Mann, who is the founding president of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribal College, temporarily located at Southwestern Oklahoma State University.

Mann also holds an endowed chair in Native American Studies at Montana State University and has taught at several other major universities, accumulating a long list of prestigious honors and awards.

“I send out a call for papers like most academic conferences are usually set up and there’s a couple of e-mail lists, there’s a couple of places that you post conference announces and you would write submissions and people see that and send their proposals. It’s mostly academics because people need to publish and present for their career essentially so they are looking for places to go and deliver papers,” said Spencer.

All symposium sessions and films except for the keynote banquet are free and open to the public. For information visit the symposium website, or  contact Dr. Mark B. Spencer at (580) 745-2921 or .


Schedule of events:



Films – Student Union Auditorium 213

9 a.m. – “The Language of Victory: American Indian Code Talkers of World War I and II,” Gary Robinson, Tribal Eye Productions  (22 min.)

9:30 a.m. – “Search for the World’s Best Indian Taco,” Steven Judd (11 min.)

9: 45 a.m. –“River of Renewal, Piki awish Partners and NAPT” (54 min.)

10:40 a.m. – “Rivercane Restoration: Linking Cultural, Biological and Economic Values,” Sean Gantt, Univer-

sity of New Mexico (7 min.)

11 a.m. – “Our Spirits Don’t Speak English: Indian Boarding School,” Steven Heape, Rich-Heape Films (80 min.)

1 p.m. – “Reel Injun,” Neil Diamond (88 min.)

2:30 p.m. –“Harvesting Hope,” Vanessa Lozecznik, Ryan Klatt and Shirley Thompson (36 min.)

3:10 p.m. – “Tenth Festival of Pacific Arts, July 2008,” Pagopago, David Kahn (2 hrs)

5 p.m. – Poetry and Short Story Readings – SU 213

• Jeffrey DeLotto, Texas Wesleyan University, “Two Hawks Builds a Morning Fire” and “A Karankawa”

• Brian Hudson, University of Okla., “Land Run on Sooner City”

• Ron Wallace, Southeastern Oklahoma State University, “Oklahoma Cantos”


Reprise Film Showings

6:30 p.m. –“Harvesting Hope,” Vanessa Lozecznik, Ryan Klatt and Shirley Thompson (36 min.)

7:10 p.m. – “Search for the World’s Best Indian Taco,” Steven Judd (11 min.)

7:25 p.m. – “River of Renewal,” Pikiawish Partners and NAPT (54 min.)

8:30 p.m. – “Our Spirits Don’t Speak English: Indian Boarding School,” Steven Heape and Rich-Heape Films (80 min.)



7:30 a.m. – Student Union Atrium Loft Continental Breakfast

8 a.m. – Native American Social Isues I –SU 213

• K. T. (Hutke) Fields, Natchez Nation, “Cultural Continuum and its Effects on Contemporary Indian Life”

• Michael Snyder, Oklahoma City Community College, “Queer Life and Text of an Oilman: John Joseph Matthews and E.W. Marland”

8 a.m. – Native American Literature I – SU 303

• Francisco Q. Delgado, CUNY York College, “The Gaze without Re-flection: Alienation and Reconciliation in Sherman Alexie’s ‘The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian’”

• Marija Knežević, University of Montenegro, “Maximum Morality of Thomas King’s ‘Medicine River’”

9 a.m. – Native American Social Issues II –SU 213

• Thomaira Babbitt, University of Central Oklahoma “NAGPRA as a Paradigm: The Historical Context and Meaning of Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act in 2011”

• Wynema Morris, Nebraska Indian Community College, “The Mis-representation of Omaha Tribal Culture and Language”

9 a.m. – Native American Religion –SU 323

• David Kahn, “The Spirit World of Mongolians, Siberians and the Inuit of Canada and Greenland”

• Richard Mize, ‘The Oklahoman/,’ “Christopher Columbus and Bartolome de Las Casas, Worshipping Christ Versus Following Jesus: Spiritual Roots of their Twin Christian Legacies”

9 a.m. – Native American Literature II – SU 303

• Arianna Mancini, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy, “On the Path of the Next Eco-Warriors: ‘March Point’s’ Visual Storytelling”

• Yonka Krasteva, Butler Community College, Shumen University, “The Discourse of Madness and Environmental Justice in Linda Hogan’s Novel ‘Solar Storms.’”

10 a.m. – Native American Social Issues III – SU 213

• Gretchen Eick, Friends University, “Indian or ‘American’? Charles Eastman and Elaine Goodale Eastman’s Cross-Racial Marriage, 1890-1920”

• Steven B. Sexton, University of Oklahoma, “Zitkala-Ša’s Reaction to Assimilation/American Philanthropy”

10 a.m. – Native American Film I –SU 323

• Gabriel S. Estrada, California State University Long Beach, “Visual Sovereignty, Political Leadership and Masculinity in Cheyenne Film”

• Colleen Thurston, Montana State University, “Choctaw Trail of Tears”

10 a.m. – Native American Literature III – SU 303 “Telling Our Stories: Native Narratives & Language Studies,” Northeastern State University

• Joseph Faulds, “‘Down the memory spilling out into the world’ (Silko): The Spiral Cycle of Repetition With Variation in the Serious Comedy of Native American Traditional Mythoi as an Adaptive Bridge into the Future,”

• Kimberli Lee, “Stories Through Song: Annie Humphrey’s Call for Awareness”

11 a.m. – Native American Literature III (continued) – Student Union 303

• Jacquetta Shade, “Women’s Ways: Cherokee Domestic Folklore”

• Les Hannah, “If the Subaltern Speaks in the Woods?”

11 a.m. –Native American Social Issues III – SU 213

• Yolanda Leon Polequaptewa and Nikishna N. Polequaptewa, University of California, Irvine, “Dysfunctional Families and the Loss of Tradition: Native History and Culture as the Key to Solving Social Ills in Indian Country”

• Yolanda Bluehorse, “A Personal Native American Perspective on Dealing with the Criminal Justice System”

11 a.m. – Native American Film II –SU 323

• Adrianne Cross, Atoka High School, “Romances with Wolves: Native American Representation in Stephenie Meyer’s ‘Twilight Series.’”

• Theodore C. Van Alst, Jr., Yale University, “Gambling on ‘Navajo Joe’”

11 a.m. – Native American History– Henry Bennett Library, Native American Room

• Brandon Burnette, Southeastern Oklahoma State University, “The Administration of Indian Affairs from 1775-1930s”

12 p.m. – Lunch

1 p.m. – Native American Education I – SU 213

• Neyooxet Greymorning, University of Montana, “Accelerated Second Language Acquisition: Forging a New Path for Native Language Instruction”

• Travis Hardin and Nichlas Emmons, Ball State University, “The Importance of a Multidisciplinary Approach in Native American Studies”

• Nichlas Emmons and Travis Hardin, Ball State University, “Climate Change Education in Tribally Controlled Institutions of Higher


1 p.m. – Native American Music and Dance – SU 323

• Paula Conlon, University of Oklahoma, “Red Power: American Indian Activism through Powwow Music and Dance”

• Clyde Ellis, Elon University, ‘We Fancy Danced Just Like the Men and We Wore the Same Outfits Too’: Young Women and the Changing Nature of Southern Plains Pow wow Dancing”

• Frederic Murray, Southwestern OSU “Shifting Boundaries: Violence, Representation and the Salt Songs of the Great Basin Peoples”

1 p.m. – Native American Literature IV – SU 303 “Generation Next: The Diverse and Dynamic Perspectives of Contemporary American Indian Writers,” University of Central Oklahoma

• Timothy Petete, “The Tyranny and Revision of Expectations: An Analysis of Eddie Chuculate’s ‘Cheyenne Madonna’”

• Deborah Brown, “Sherman Alexie’s Writing: On and Off the Reservation”

• Shay Rahm-Barnett, “He doesn’t talk about coyotes”: The Native Character in David Treuer’s ‘The Translation of Dr. Apelles’”

2:30 p.m. – Native American Education II – SU 213

• Mary Harjo, Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma, “Indian Boarding School”

• Paul McKenzie-Jones, University of Oklahoma, “Reclaiming Education for Themselves: The Work-shops on American Indian Affairs, 1956-1972”

• Amy Gantt, Southeastern Oklahoma State University/Chickasaw Nation, “The Clemente Course at Southeastern”

2:30 p.m. – Native American Film III– SU 323

• Vanessa Lozecznik and Shirley Thompson, “Reclaiming Food Sovereignty in Northern Manitoba Communities from Local Actions to Collaborative Video”

• Jeremy Naranjo, “’Aliksai’: ‘Listen: This Is My Story’”

2:30 p.m. – Native American Literature V – SU 303 “By Any Other Name a Different Being: Naming and Native American Identity,” East Central University

• Steve Benton, “Extermination by Any Other Name: Louisa May Alcott, Horace Greeley and the American Educational Imperative”

• Ken Hada, “One Must Know Where We Don’t Want To Go: Identity in Ofelia Zepeda’s ‘Where Clouds Are Formed’”

• Jennifer L. McMahon, “What’s in a Name?: ‘Dead Man’ and Transcending Stereotypes of Native Americans”

• Murray, Jason, “Sophia Alice Callahan’s ‘Wynema’: Struggling to ‘See Things as They Are, in the True Light’”

4 p.m. – SU 213 Native American Excellence in Education Student Field Trip Reports

6 p.m. – Visual and Performing Arts Center (VPAC) – Keynote Banquet (Tickets required.)

7 p.m. – Visual and Performing Arts Center – Keynote Speech (Free and open to the public.)

8:30 p.m. – Russell 100 – “Reel Injun” (2009), Neil Diamond (88 min.)

October is for more than just Halloween

By Lornna Bates

Managing Editor

When a person thinks of October, the topic of breast cancer probably does not register immediately. Halloween is synonymous with October as should be breast cancer.

October is the official month for Breast Cancer Awareness, after all, and has been recognized as such since October of 1985, said Nellie Day, eHow contributor.

The American Academy of Family Physicians and Cancer Care joined forces in 1985 to show the importance of regular mammogram screenings and to encourage the government and private sectors of healthcare to make screenings more easily available to women, said Day.

It is vital for women to participate in annual mammogram screenings, especially from the age of 40, said the Breast Cancer Network of Strength website.

According to the American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute, the statistics concerning occurrences of breast cancer in the United States are indicative of the necessity of regular screenings.

ACS and NCI estimated that 230,480 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in women this year. It is also estimated that 39,520 women will die from breast cancer this year.

ACS also noted that 57,650 new cases of carcinoma in situ would be discovered this year, which is a non-invasive form of breast cancer, discovered in its earliest form in the specific location of the breast and confined to just that area, such to a breast duct.

Women are not the only people at risk however. ACS and NCI estimated that in this year about 2,140 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in men and about 450 men will die from breast cancer.

The chance of a woman having invasive breast cancer at some point in her lifetime is a little less than 1 in 8 and her chance of dying from the cancer is about 1 in 35, said ACS. At the moment, there are more than 2.5 million breast cancer survivors in the United States.

On the other hand, breast cancer is about 100 times less common among men than among women, said ACS. The lifetime risk of getting breast cancer for a man is about 1 in 1,000, said ACS.

The reasons behind the development of cancer are still uncertain. DNA changes occur within the breast cells which cause cancer cells to form, said ACS. The reasons for the DNA changes are unknown.

There are several risk factors associated to breast cancer, factors that could make a person more prone than others. Having one or even multiple risk factors does not necessarily mean that a person will develop breast cancer either, said ACS.

ACS also noted that people will experience many different risk factors at different points in their lifetimes, so the percentage of risk experienced by a person will never be certain.

Unfortunately, some of these risk factors are unavoidable.

Gender is a huge risk factor, as women are at a much higher risk of developing breast cancer than men.

Age is another risk factor that is unavoidable. As a woman ages, her chances increase, said ACS. About two out of three women with invasive breast cancer are 55 years of age or older.

There are inherited gene changes which may signify breast cancer risk. Family history of breast cancer, which goes hand-in-hand with inherited genes, also increases the risk by almost double from even one side of the family, said ACS.

Other factors which are unavoidable include a personal history of breast cancer, which will increase the chances of developing breast cancer in the other breast; race, as white women are slightly more at risk; and dense breast tissue or pre-existing benign breast problems. Those with menstrual cycles beginning early or ending after 55 and previous radiation treatment which may have affected the chest area are also in high risk categories, said ACS.

Lifestyle habits which have been linked to breast cancer have also been noted by ACS. These include: not having children or having them later in life, use of birth control pills, use of hormone therapy after menopause, not breast-feeding, use of alcohol, being overweight or obese and a lack of exercise.

There are also risk factors that have not been proven and/or are not certain as of yet by the ACS. These include: diet and vitamin intake, use of antiperspirants and bras, induced abortions, breast implants, pollution, tobacco smoke and working at night.

These factors are important, although they are not proven factors, they are  closely associated with causing cancer, according to ACS.

The risks can be minimized by the incorporation of better lifestyle habits. However there is not a proven way to prevent breast cancer.

The key word is “minimize.” Choosing to avoid the risk factors that can be controlled will lower the chances of breast cancer occurring.

Regular screenings are also a sort of preventative measure, as they will ensure discovery in an earlier stage, minimizing the stage of cancer that is detected.

New and innovative treatments are being discovered and utilized every day. For more information on breast cancer awareness or for opportunities available to donate for the cure, visit the following,,,,, and/or


Student arrested on alleged assault charges

By Samantha Perera

News editor

A former Southeastern football player was arrested on Thursday, Oct. 5 and charged with counts of sexual battery and assault and battery.

According to the report filed by officer John Miller of the SE campus police department, Gasteneau Rashard Fisher allegedly assaulted a young woman in the Southeastern Henry G. Bennett Memorial Library before fleeing to his dorm room.

The 21-year-old victim said she had been using the copy machine at the library when Fisher “groped and grabbed her breast,” Miller said in his report. She said that when she attempted to get away from him, Fisher “struck her in the mouth with his fist and head butted her,” according to the report.

Durant court records state Fisher pled not guilty and was released on bail with a court date set for Nov. 2 at the Bryan County District Court House.

According to the witness statements in the report, Fisher had to be pulled off of the victim, who stated she had never met him before nor knew who he was.

Miller was checking the university property at the Durant Regional Airport when dispatch notified him around 8 p.m. that there had been an incident at the SE library, he said.

After arriving at the scene 10 minutes after he received the call, Miller found the victim in the care of the Bryan County Emergency Medical Service being treated for a cut to her top lip, according to the report. Miller then went back into the library to search for the suspect, who had escaped through the Education Center door on the first floor of the library.

Miller then saw Fisher running toward the front of the Morrison Building and pursued him on foot, yelling “police, stop” several times, Miller said in his report. Fisher kept running and though he fell just 50 yards away from the officer, he got up and continued to run toward Choctaw Tower.

According to the report, Miller then returned to the crime scene and asked witnesses to fill out voluntary statements down at the Campus Police Station.

He said he returned to the library to make sure he got every witnesses’ statement.

“The more witnesses the better,” said Miller, adding that Fisher wasn’t going anywhere. “I knew who he was and where his dorm was,” said Miller.

Miller also requested that EMS drop the victim at the station, so that she could file her statement.

In the report filed by Miller, it was Captain Stacy Ballew of the Campus Police who spotted Fisher attempting to get to his dorm room, and Bellow took Fisher into custody and taken to the Campus Police Station.

Miller questioned Fisher, who informed him that he had smoked a substance called “Diablo” but said he could not remember who gave it to him or whom he had smoked it with, stated the report. Fisher was then transported to the Bryan County Jail where he made bail.

“The safety of our students and campus community is foremost in our minds,” said Camille Phelps, dean of students. “When laws or rules are violated, we have a disciplinary procedure that we follow as outlined and stated in our student handbook.

“This procedure begins with a referral to the dean of students,” said Phelps. An incident reporting form, a criminal report or a report or an email from students, faculty and staff are some of the many ways a complaint or an incident can be brought to the dean of students’ attention, said Phelps.

The incident reporting form can be found on the “current students” page of the SE website, she said.

“Because of student privacy laws, we cannot discuss specifics concerning individuals,” said Phelps. It is under Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act that student academic/education rights are protected, said Phelps.

According to the U.S. Department of Education website, FERPA is “a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records.”

Criminal records and court proceeding can be reviewed as part of the investigation, said Phelps. However, a decision by the dean of students would not be placed on hold until after a court decision has been made.

After administrative review and the student’s rights have been explained, Phelps will make a determination whether a university violation has been made, and an appropriate decision will be made on what actions will be taken, said Phelps.

According to Phelps, the student could face one or a combination of several sanctions set down in the student code of conduct.

As stated in the student code of conduct, “penalties for violations of university regulations or public law” may include: A warning, imposing of specified restrictions and sanctions, conduct probation, temporary suspension, suspension (a definite period of time not less than the remainder of the current semester in which the student is enrolled), expulsion and/or degree revocation or rescission of credit.

The decision by the dean of students’ and the recommended penalties are final. However, if a student does not accept the dean of student’s decision, the code of conduct states, “the student may appeal temporary suspension, suspension, expulsion or degree revocation cases in writing” to be heard by the Committee on Student Conduct.

Fisher was  removed from the football roster following the incident, and when contacted, the atheletic department stated that they were unable to comment on student conduct issues.



The best of the worst in horror movies

By Dani Norton

Staff writer

Horror movies are an integral part of any Halloween celebration done right. Nothing sets the mood quite like a good slasher flick or ghost story.

Unfortunately, more often than not, modern horror films fail to do justice to the genre—the scares just aren’t there.

And the classics, however groundbreaking they may have been, tend to lose their effect over time. One can watch Laurie Strode escape Michael Myers only so many times before we sort of start hoping she gets it in the end.

There is only one other option left to consider: horror movies so terrible that they are amazing. Forget Craven, Carpenter and Hitchcock. Real horror is delivered to you through the likes of Kaufman, Fragasso and Band.

Never heard of them? We’re off to a good start.

Let’s be clear. There are two types of bad horror movies. The first type actually tries. The production value is generally subpar, but decent enough that a viewer could safely assume it was filmed in an actual studio rather than in a warehouse owned by the director’s cousin.

The acting will make you cringe more than the gore, if there is any gore at all, and the plot holes are such that you will be left with more questions than answers.

“5ive Girls” could be included in this category. In it, five young women are sent to reform school and upon arrival notice that there are chains and bars on the doors (what?), their headmistress is probably two years older than they are (hmm?) and there is a giant pentagram painted on the floor of the attic (…yeah). Of course, they stay and ridiculousness ensues.

No spoilers here, but be aware that Ron Perlman of “Hell Boy” plays Father Drake, a priest who doesn’t find it suspicious that he’s hired to teach at a reform school with a history of demonic activity and which presently houses only five scantily clad students.

The second type of bad horror movie is where you will find illustrious gems of cinematic history. If these movies are actually trying to appear legitimate, there is no hope for the future.

Production consists of a shaky camera and many visible boom mics. The actors likely have a past in adult film. The gore is as unrealistic as it is excessive, but not as unrealistic and excessive as the gratuitous nudity.

Basically, these movies are incredible.

With titles like “Bikini Girls on Ice,” “The Gingerdead Man” and “Killer Clowns from Outer Space,” you really can’t go wrong. Movies like these are overflowing with moments that will leave you and your friends wondering if something that stupid actually happened.

“The Gingerdead Man” stars Gary Busey as a psychotic killer who is executed and later reincarnated as a gingerbread cookie seeking to enact revenge on the woman who sent him to his death. That’s all you need to know.

The dialogue of these movies is really what makes them so fun to watch. “Troll 2” is about a family who goes on vacation to the tiny remote town of Nilbog, only to discover that the residents are actually scary goblins disguised as humans.

The film is full of memorable one liners, one of the most notable being, “Nilbog! It’s ‘goblin’ spelled backwards! This is their kingdom!” Run, don’t walk, to your nearest Blockbuster.

Some directors of these movies have actually ended up having a fairly large following. They intentionally make bad movies that become cult classics among certain audiences.

Troma Entertainment, for example, is a production company founded by Lloyd Kaufman, director of films such as “Poultrygeist: Night of the Chicken Dead” and “Tromeo and Juliet.” He currently has 17 films in either pre- or post-production with titles just as incredible.

Troma is famous for producing only the best of the worst in horror, often with musical numbers and very thinly veiled social commentary.

Terrible movies like these are not for everyone. But if you approach them with the correct frame of mind, they can be tons of fun.

They aren’t particularly scary or disturbing, at least not in the ways you would expect out of this genre, but some of the best Halloween memories I have involve watching these sorts of films with friends and eating too much candy.

If all else fails, don’t be afraid to scour the darkest corners of Netflix for these abominations. They will fail to live up to every expectation you’ve ever had for the film industry, and you will love every second of it.



Fall 2011 accessories

By Chrissy Dill

Staff writer

With the fall season upon us, new fashion trends are making appearances in the form of jackets, boots and various types of outerwear and sweaters. With these news trends come some fun new accessories that will put a wild spin on your fall outfit.

A pattern that calls “native ethnic” fist was seen at the end of summer and is prominent on the runways for this fall. Navajo beading and Native American-style diamond patterns are being seen on handbags, tops and even boots and stilettos.

Desert-inspired looks with elegant fringe in a suede or leather-type material are also included in the native ethnic trend category. Moccasin-type flats and boots as well as feathers on jewelry and hair accessories are quite stylish this fall as well.

Color palettes for this fall are on opposite ends of the spectrum, which means anyone can be satisfied with their color choice. The bold trend of color block this summer forges ahead into the fall, according to, with 70s-inspired mustard and mulberry shades and ruby and royal deliver a major color-block pop on heels, boots and bags.

The other popular color this season is winter white. Fashionable celebrities have been spotted pairing an elegant white blouse with white trousers, which makes for a very put-together and chic look.

If you aren’t quite brave enough to pull of all-white attire, this sophisticated color is appearing on leather chain purses, strappy heels and clutches.

While leopard print always seems to be in style, putting a sexy spin in an ordinary outfit, python print is a trendy pattern for this fall. According to, this pattern is the statement-maker on runways from Prada to Proenza.

Python on a flat, boot or handbag looks especially stylish when dressed up in an unexpected, bright color, so carry a clutch in this wild pattern and a bright red dress for an evening out.

When it comes to this season’s jewelry, long earrings make a fashionable statement and give a pretty spin to an outfit. Whether beaded fringe, stunning gems, or a cascade of eye-catching jewels or beads, long, dangly earrings are the key piece of jewelry to purchase this fall.

Getting you prepared for a winter look, fur trim is being added to fall wardrobes, giving you a luxurious and season-appropriate way to update your autumn accessories. Whether lining boots, gloves or purse handles, fur was everywhere in the fall collections, according to

Oxford flats became a popular footwear last fall, and this year they are taking on a new twist: a sky-high heel. The menswear trend gets more feminine this fall with the addition of a heel to a classic Oxford.

Another trendy fabric to be included in your fall look is velvet, which is being seen on wedges, tasseled boots and slippers this season. This material works best when paired with metallic combinations, particularly gold trim, creating a daring yet refreshing and delicate effect.

Python, velvet and fur are all stylish textures this season, and when you collage these patterns together in the right way, the look is surprisingly chic. The combination is being displayed on bags and shoes on the runways, adding elements of interest to otherwise simple looks.

When discussing the “it” bag for this season, the clutch has emerged as the bag for fall, according to Soft and oversize, structured and embellished, bold print or color block, classic beige or cherry red, this handheld bag is a must-have.

Clutches are easy to find in any boutique or clothing store, and they come in countless styles.

For a night out, clutches are definitely a needed accessory. A large purse carried on the shoulder you carry during the week will automatically make your elegant evening mini dress seem casual or dressed-down.

With these interesting new trends in accessories, your fall shopping trip should be a fun one, and we all know, shoe, purse and jewelry shopping is always a good time.


Native ethnic print, $24.50,


Mensware trend, Oxfords with heel. $24.80,


Python print, clutch. $12.50,