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Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action vs. Institutional Diversity

Major differences between EEO/Affirmative Action and Diversity are presented below*.

EEO/AA

DIVERSITY

Government Initiated Voluntary (Company Driven)
Legally Driven Productivity Driven
Quantitative Qualitative
Problem Focused Opportunity Focused
Assumes Assimilation Assumes Integration
Internally Focused Internally and Externally Focused
Reactive Proactive

*Adapted from Workforce America! Managing Employee Diversity as a Vital Resource by Marilyn Loden & Judy B. Rosener, 1991, Irwin Professional Publishing.